Glance

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Chuẩn bị

Tạo database và phân quyền cho user glance

CREATE DATABASE glance;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'GLANCE_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'GLANCE_DBPASS';

Khởi tạo user cần cho glance

Xác thực vào ‘admin’ dùng openstack-client

$ source keystone-admin

Tạo user ‘glance’

$ openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt glance
 
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                            |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id           | default                          |
| enabled             | True                             |
| id                  | 3f4e777c4062483ab8d9edd7dff829df |
| name                | glance                           |
| options             | {}                               |
| password_expires_at | None                             |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+

Gán role ‘admin’ cho user ‘glance’ trên project ‘service’

$ openstack role add --project service --user glance admin

Tạo service ‘glance’

$ openstack service create --name glance --description "OpenStack Image" image
 
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Image                  |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 8c2c7f1b9b5049ea9e63757b5533e6d2 |
| name        | glance                           |
| type        | image                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+

Tạo endpoint cho glance-api

$ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne image public http://controller:9292
 
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 340be3625e9b4239a6415d034e98aace |
| interface    | public                           |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 8c2c7f1b9b5049ea9e63757b5533e6d2 |
| service_name | glance                           |
| service_type | image                            |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
 
$ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne image internal http://controller:9292
 
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | a6e4b153c2ae4c919eccfdbb7dceb5d2 |
| interface    | internal                         |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 8c2c7f1b9b5049ea9e63757b5533e6d2 |
| service_name | glance                           |
| service_type | image                            |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
 
$ openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne image admin http://controller:9292
 
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 0c37ed58103f4300a84ff125a539032d |
| interface    | admin                            |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 8c2c7f1b9b5049ea9e63757b5533e6d2 |
| service_name | glance                           |
| service_type | image                            |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

Cài đặt và cấu hình

Cài packages

# yum install openstack-glance

Cấu hình glance-api

/etc/glance/glance-api.conf
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://glance:[email protected]/glance
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = glance
password = GLANCE_PASS
[paste_deploy]
flavor = keystone
[glance_store]
stores = file,http
default_store = file
filesystem_store_datadir = /var/lib/glance/images/
/etc/glance/glance-registry.conf
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://glance:[email protected]/glance
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = glance
password = GLANCE_PASS
[paste_deploy]
flavor = keystone

Khởi tạo database

# su -s /bin/sh -c "glance-manage db_sync" glance

Start dịch vụ

# systemctl enable openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service
# systemctl start openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service

Kiểm tra kết quả

Xác thực vào ‘admin’ dùng openstack-client

$ source keystone-admin

Download 1 image sample

$ wget http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.5/cirros-0.3.5-x86_64-disk.img

Upload image lên glance service

$ openstack image create "cirros" \
  --file cirros-0.3.5-x86_64-disk.img \
  --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare \
  --public
 
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| Field            | Value                                                |
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| checksum         | 133eae9fb1c98f45894a4e60d8736619                     |
| container_format | bare                                                 |
| created_at       | 2015-03-26T16:52:10Z                                 |
| disk_format      | qcow2                                                |
| file             | /v2/images/cc5c6982-4910-471e-b864-1098015901b5/file |
| id               | cc5c6982-4910-471e-b864-1098015901b5                 |
| min_disk         | 0                                                    |
| min_ram          | 0                                                    |
| name             | cirros                                               |
| owner            | ae7a98326b9c455588edd2656d723b9d                     |
| protected        | False                                                |
| schema           | /v2/schemas/image                                    |
| size             | 13200896                                             |
| status           | active                                               |
| tags             |                                                      |
| updated_at       | 2015-03-26T16:52:10Z                                 |
| virtual_size     | None                                                 |
| visibility       | public                                               |
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+

Tham khảo: Các định dạng image

List các image đang có

$ openstack image list
 
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   | Status |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| 38047887-61a7-41ea-9b49-27987d5e8bb9 | cirros | active |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+

Tham khảo: Cấu hình glance

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